The first specimens of kittens without fur were born by chance in a normal litter in 1955, in Canada (hence the name Canadian Naked Cat).
From this strange genetic mutation the Sphynx then originated, even if similar or similar mutations had already occurred elsewhere (for example the Mexican Hairless, officially recognized precisely only in Mexico).
The Sphynx, since its first appearance in the feline exhibitions, made a lot of talk about itself, arousing from one side a sensation and disgust, from the other love and attraction for this unique cat of its kind.
Sphynx: morphological characteristics
The Sphynx, has, in fact, as the main characteristic, that of being almost completely devoid of hair.
In reality, it has, on some parts of the body, slightly hairy parts, but the hair is so small, light and short that the coat looks suede.
These parts of the body with a light down are the face, legs, ears, testicles, tail and back along the spine.
In some areas, the skin is tense, while in others there are large or small wrinkles.
Almost all varieties are free of vibrissae and or have so little of them that they seem to be missing.
The head is not very triangular, the nose is short and the ears are wide and open.
The coat and skin can be of almost all the colors allowed for short-haired cats (there are also cats, like the one in the photo, with pink skin with gray spots).
If the specimen is a single color, the belly and the inner part of the legs must be clear.
The legs and feet are long and thin, even the tail is. The plantar pads must have a color that conforms to the coat.
Sphynx: cures and saute
The skin of this cat perspires and must be cleaned gently and constantly.
The ears get dirty easily, not having protective hair. They should be cleaned with cotton balls. When the foot and nail area is dirty, it should be washed very gently.
It must not be subject to the effect of air currents and in more rigid climates it is better not to leave it outdoors, as it lacks the protection offered by the hair.
It should not even be exposed to the sun, like the skin, in some varieties, is so thin as to risk being burned (if it is necessary to grease it better with a high filter sun protection, such as that for milky white skins).
Such a cat is not able to survive in the wild, at least according to the assumptions of scientists.
Sphynx puppies have a greater chance than others of being born with genetic diseases, so their breeding is difficult.
However, they have exaggerated energy, and prove to be precocious and active.
Sphynx: character and psychology
The Sphynx is a very sticky cat, it follows its master everywhere, observes it carefully and never leaves it.
Learn his habits and don’t want them changed. He needs constant attention from his master: caresses, affectionate looks, small attentions, but he could also adapt to living in a family that does not give him much attention.
Sphynx: price and breeding
However, it is a rare cat, very difficult to breed and to reproduce, and there are very few breedings.
The price of a specimen itself testifies to this (over € 3,000.00 each!)